Bbc — advice — cigarettes / tobacco

Tobacco is the dried, shredded and processed leaves from the tobacco plant. It comes in ready made cigarettes, rolling tobacco and cigars. It is usually smoked. Some people chew tobacco leaves.

The main addictive ingredient in tobacco is nicotine. Tobacco smoke contains 1000s of chemicals and some are very poisonous. When you take a drag (inhale) on a fag, the nicotine kicks in about eight seconds later, leaving the smoker feeling slightly energised and also calmer than before.

What are the health effects?

The nicotine found in all tobacco contributes to it being one of the most addictive drugs around. Some research claims it is more addictive than heroin.

If you find you can’t manage without a fag but want to give up, you can get help through your GP.

Set a date for stopping and stop with a friend if you can. You should quit totally on your set day. Giving up smoking may make you feel tired, irritable and a bit depressed these feelings will pass.

If you don’t succeed the first time, keep trying. Most people have more than one attempt at giving up before they manage it so try again. When you don’t have a cigarette…

  • After 20 minutes your blood pressure and pulse return to normal.
  • After 24 hours your lungs start to clear.
  • After two days your body is nicotine free and your sense of taste and smell improve.
  • After three days you can breathe more easily, and your energy increases.
  • After two to 12 weeks, your circulation improves.
  • After three to nine months coughs, wheezing and breathing improves.
  • After one year your heart attack risk is half that of a smoker.
  • Long term smoking can lead to lung and heart disease as well as cancer. If you are still struggling go to / or book in for an appointment with your GP.

    The law

    Tobacco is legal. Smoking has been banned in public places in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

    Tobacco country begins warming to e-cigarettes

    By Jonnelle Davis Posted Sunday, August 18, 2013 5 45 am

    GREENSBORO Lisa Blevins had smoked for 12 years. She tried quitting every year or two, but the longest she ever lasted was six months.

    Then during a trip to New York early this year, she tried an electronic cigarette.

    Now when the 33 year old tries to smoke one of the Camel Lights she was so fond of, she doesn t know how she did it for so long.
    I never knew how bad I smelled until I quit smoking, Blevins said.

    E cigarettes are inhalers that resemble tobacco cigarettes, but they use liquids that vaporize, giving what their fans said is the experience of smoking without a lot of the toxins. E cigarettes have their roots in China, but they are relatively new in the United States.

    Here in tobacco country, the state s big name traditional cigarette makers Lorillard and R.J. Reynolds have tapped into the market.

    Greensboro based Lorillard acquired blu e Cigs in April 2012. And R.J. Reynolds, based in Winston Salem, makes its own line of e cigarettes, Vuse.

    But e cigarettes also are proving to be a money maker for small business owners, despite concerns from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and others that they are not a proven and safe method for quitting smoking.

    Blevins and her brother opened an e cigarette shop this month in downtown Greensboro to cater to the growing number of people they said are vaping as a way to kick smoking.

    Other such shops have popped up, including one that opened in Winston Salem in July. The owner of an e cigarette store in King opened a second location this week in Mount Airy.

    The Tobacco Vapor Electronic Cigarette Association estimates that there are more than 3.5 million e cigarette users.
    It s definitely a growing business, and I believe it s going to be lucrative, said Todd Webster, the owner of the King and Mount Airy stores.
    Catching on in N.C.
    It s like picking a dessert Bananas Foster. Dark chocolate. Creme brulee.

    The liquids that vaporize in e cigarettes come in all flavors, and the taste is part of what is so pleasing for the user.
    If you can eat it, you can vape it, said Blevins, a co owner of Alter Vapes on South Elm Street.

    The liquids contain varying levels of nicotine and some have no nicotine the idea being that smokers can gradually wean themselves off the drug.

    Camren Blackburn, who runs Southern Vapes in Winston Salem with her mother, said she started inhaling liquids with 24 milliliters of nicotine. Now, Blackburn who started smoking when she was 12 is down to 12 milliliters.

    A friend turned her and her parents on to vaping.

    My dad hasn t had a cigarette in over a year, she said. I m going on seven months.

    The 24 year old said both her grandparents died from smoking related diseases chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, called COPD, and lung cancer.

    She and her mother, Leigh, decided to open a business after a vacation to Florida in May, where Blackburn said vaping was everywhere.

    I was very impressed, and if you go to other parts of the country, it s a lot bigger than it is here in North Carolina, Blackburn said. Opening a store seemed like the right thing to do at the right time.

    Blackburn said the bulk of her business is people just starting to vape as an alternative to smoking.

    Business has been really well, actually, she said. It s growing each week. We re seeing new faces, people quitting cigarettes.

    But Blackburn and others who have made a business out of vaping are careful not to promote e cigarettes as a smoking cessation tool. They call vaping an alternative to smoking.

    There have been few studies of e cigarettes and their safety, and the FDA has not approved them as a method to quit smoking.

    I do hear about people using them that way, but we don t know yet if that would be successful, said Mary Gillett, the tobacco prevention coordinator with the Guilford County Department of Public Health. There are a wealth of evidence based cessation support drugs out there that are approved by the FDA that are known to be safe and effective.

    E cigs are not a proven method for tobacco use cessation.

    Gillett said there also is some concern that the flavorings in e cigarettes could be appealing to young people, that there is little known about their secondhand vapor and that they create a pathway to addiction because users are still inhaling nicotine.
    They re just the new kids on the block, she said. We don t know a lot.

    Webster of King Vapes tried the patch to stop smoking and also attempted to quit cold turkey. Nothing worked until a cousin introduced him to vaping.

    He opened his first shop in King two years ago and takes credit for being the first such shop to open in the Piedmont Triad.
    I thought, if it worked for me, it could work for anybody, said Webster, who smoked for 28 years.
    He opened his second location in Mount Airy because he was getting so many customers from outside the area. They came from Elkin, Kernersville, Greensboro and Virginia.

    Webster said he even has doctors who refer their patients to him to help them quit smoking.
    Said Blackburn We re not forcing it on anybody by any means. But we re here if somebody needs us.
    Cheaper than tobacco

    Doraed Proty sells traditional and electronic cigarettes. But it s the e cigarettes that have driven his business recently.
    Proty started selling them a year ago in his Fleming Road shop, AN Tobacco.

    Nowadays, it s maybe 50 percent of my business, he said.

    Proty said their popularity is due in part to being cheaper than tobacco cigarettes. Starter kits are less than $30, and the liquids start at $6 or $7 at local shops.

    Proty s shop and other businesses that cater to electronic smokers will let newbies test the liquids in the store. Proty even mixes his own liquids to sell to customers.

    In Greensboro, vaping has sparked a support group, Greensboro Vaping and Smoking Cessation Support. Its founder, Arnie Horton, quit his half pack a day habit after a couple of days of smoking electronic cigarettes.

    Horton doesn t make claims that vaping works for everybody but said he wants to reach out to others in the area who are looking for ways to quit smoking traditional cigarettes.

    The group, formed about a month ago, has 23 members, and Horton said most of them smoke electronic cigarettes.
    Our goal is to help as many people quit smoking, by any means necessary, Horton said.

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