Boom in e-cigarette sales divides smoking campaigners

In the window of a hairdresser’s in a west London side street, there is an array of brightly coloured little bottles, which the casual passer by who doesn’t look too closely might assume had something to do with hair conditioning. References to best «juice» don’t immediately give the game away. You probably need to have come across vaping already to realise that you are looking at the paraphernalia beloved by aficionados of e cigarettes.

Wetherspoons has banned them and Megabus routinely announces to passengers that they cannot use them on its coaches after a scare when police were called because somebody saw steam drifting out of a holdall. But a grassroots revolution is going on and e cigarettes are booming. More than 1.3 million people now use them in Britain.

The public health community is seriously divided about e cigarettes. Some believe they are a breakthrough and will save thousands of lives because it is the tar in tobacco that kills not the nicotine. But others say we should be trying to wean people off an addictive drug like nicotine they fear that e cigarettes are already being used as a stalking horse by the tobacco companies, who want to re normalise the pariah habit.

This month, British American Tobacco ran its first advert on television in years for a brand of e cigarette made by a subsidiary company. Philip Morris has also got in on the act. It is making e cigarettes that look and are marketed just like the tobacco products that were banned from our screens and magazines.

Steve, who runs the Vapeshack above the hairdresser’s in West Ealing, says it’s not cool young people who come through the doors in search of a healthier nicotine fix but older people who have tried and failed to kick the smoking habit. «It’s hardcore smokers who have tried everything. There was an Irish chap who use to smoke 70 a day. He bought a kit off me three months ago and he hasn’t had a cigarette since.

«He was in that theatre when the ceiling fell in at a performance of The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night Time and he was just scrabbling on the floor looking for it his e cigarette .»

Steve himself had a 20 a day habit two years ago. «A friend of mine had a kit and I tried it and it was great. He got me one and that was it. I managed to well, you can’t call it quit because you still have the nicotine habit but I managed to change completely. I think it’s much more satisfying than patches and gum. It’s the action.»

He has never had a problem finding places to vape even on a flight to Spain with one of the bargain airlines. He surreptitiously blew vapour at the floor, only to realise that a couple of other passengers were vaping quite openly. He wouldn’t do it next to somebody who is eating though, he says. It has an odour a different one depending on what flavour you prefer.

The UK government wanted to clamp down on e cigarettes and have them all regulated as medical devices, which would require stringent testing. It has been wrong footed in Europe, where the European Parliament has decided they are consumer products unless the cartridges contain more than 20mg/ml of nicotine. Although the Department of Health said that it would ban them from sale to under 18s, it is still working out what else to do. «We have no further clarification on how the UK will regulate e cigarettes,» said a spokesman. «This issue is still being considered as part of the new European tobacco products directive that is in the final stages of negotiation. Once the directive is finalised, we will work through the best way of implementing it.» A request for an interview with the chief medical officer, Dame Sally Davies, who has voiced concerns about e cigarettes, was turned down.

A damning report commissioned by the World Health Organisation last December from three leading scientists Rachel Grana, Neal Benowitz and Stanton A Glantz of the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California said «Television and radio have been unavailable to the cigarette and other tobacco companies to market their products in the US (as well as much of the world) since the 1970s. E cigarette advertising on television and radio is mass marketing of an addictive nicotine product for use in a recreational manner to new generations who have never experienced such marketing. This pervasive marketing may have implications for existing smokers as well.»

Martin McKee, professor of European Public Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, has spoken out more forcefully than most against e cigarettes and has been denounced in turn by the vaping community, many of whom are now evangelical about their new habit.

«My view at the moment is that these are things that have been around since the 1960s and people had not paid attention to them. Then suddenly the tobacco industry got interested,» he said. He is alarmed to see celebrities such as Lily Allen vaping and an advert for e cigarettes broadcast during Downton Abbey. More recently, the Netflix remake of House of Cards featured Kevin Spacey as US vice president Frank Underwood substituting an e cigarette for tobacco. «Addiction without the consequences,» remarks Underwood.

«The advertisements they are using are almost identical to the ones the tobacco industry used historically,» said McKee, who believes this is about the rehabilitation of cigarettes.

«The smoking ban in public places has been self enforcing,» he said. But steam rising from an e cigarette can look very like smoke rising from an old style fag. Other drinkers in pubs will be less and less likely to intervene once they’ve made that mistake a couple of times, he believes.

McKee acknowledges that a lot of people in public health say e cigarettes are much safer than tobacco. «Absolutely, but that is not the issue here,» he said. «They are missing the point.»

But while some suspect Big Tobacco’s involvement, the e cigarette lobby accuses Big Pharma of dirty tricks. Drug companies make the nicotine gum and pills that have been licensed for stopping smoking and are handed out by the NHS. The pro vaping lobby cites a letter sent to all MEPs from one of these companies, arguing that the permitted nicotine level in e cigarettes should be no higher than 12mg/ml and claiming that nicotine is as toxic as strychnine and arsenic.

Rubbish, say those who support e cigarettes, who liken the effect of nicotine to that of perfectly legal caffeine and alcohol. In fact, they say, it is a great deal safer than alcohol.

The leading voice in support of e cigarettes in Britain is Clive Bates, who a decade ago headed Ash Action on Smoking and Health which fought the tobacco companies full time. He has always been in favour of harm reduction, he says, a phrase in common parlance in drug addiction.

«Obviously the best thing is to quit nicotine completely, but we don’t consider stopping all alcohol or caffeine consumption as a public health goal,» he said. «There is no reason to think they are less harmful drugs than nicotine.

«There is a deep conflation in public health between the drug nicotine and the harm caused by smoking. If tobacco was not causing so much harm, we would not be so concerned,» he said. Before we understood the cancer and heart risks, smoking was considered a way to relax and alter mood, he said.

E cigarettes are a way to take the harm out of the drug use. As things stand, 1 billion people will die from smoking related diseases, the WHO says. » There are not really many other good ideas,» said Bates, who points to the use of snus in Sweden a derivative of snuff. Sweden has a smoking prevalence of 13%, compared with 27% in Britain and 28% across Europe, according to the Eurobarometer figures (the UK government’s figure is 20%). «They have dramatically lower levels of cancer and heart disease,» he says.

There are fears that young people who would not have smoked may take up e cigarettes, but Bates says there is little evidence of that as yet. Most people using the devices appear to have
been heavy smokers.

Bates is not the only anti smoking campaigner to support e cigarettes. Derek Yach, who led the successful tobacco control initiative of the WHO over a decade ago, agrees with him. «My view is that we failed to build a nicotine policy till now. E cigarettes and related non combustibles are growing super fast, and if they do displace tobacco, it could be the most positively disruptive technology ever, with the potential to bring down the death rate faster than the quit programmes we now have.»

But there is scant actual scientific evidence yet that e cigarettes help people quit smoking and some people do both. The official position of most public health bodies in the UK is that stopping the nicotine habit is the way to go.

Dr John Middleton, vice president for policy at the Faculty of Public Health, said his institution believes that «e cigarettes have some potential to help people to stop smoking and therefore reduce the harms that causes. This is particularly the case where people already smoke and have long term conditions.»

But the faculty is concerned about the e cigarette firms’ mass marketing. «We believe incitement to nicotine addiction of any kind should be discouraged. Mass marketing of e cigarettes is bringing the smoking habit to more young people, just at the time when young people are being discouraged from starting smoking tobacco.»

The faculty, like the British Medical Association, believes e cigarettes should be regulated as a medicine and it wants curbs on its advertising and promotion.

Around 1.3 million Britons now use e cigarettes Photograph Mike Segar/Reuters Getting up a head of steam

E cigarettes date back at least to 1963, when Herbert A Gilbert patented a non tobacco cigarette that heated a nicotine solution and produced steam, but it was never manufactured.

Many small companies have set up to manufacture a range of devices and nicotine liquids. But the big tobacco companies were late entrants to the field.

Flavours matter, say supporters. Nicotine has none. Many people progress from a tobacco flavour to fruits and mint but the companies deny these are designed to attract young people.

Look alike disposable e cigarettes, resembling the tobacco version, are also similar in cost, but many people graduate to other sorts of devices with a refillable tank and longer battery life, which are less expensive.

E cigarette supporters oppose the new EU rules enforcing medical regulation over 20mg/ml of nicotine, saying hardened smokers need more than that to switch. They also object to rules restricting the advertising of flavours.

Most people agree e cigarettes need some sort of regulation, at least to ensure standards, which are currently very variable. The WHO says while there are less toxins than cigarettes, there are some.

This article was amended on 24 February 2014 to correct the name of Wetherspoons, from Weatherspoons as the original said.

Senators introduce bill to limit e-cigarette marketing to kids and teens

Blu E Cigarette

Worried that e cigarettes are taking the same marketing path as conventional cigarettes, a group of Democratic senators introduced legislation today that would prohibit the marketing of them to children and teens.

E cigarettes are under increased scrutiny in Washington. Though currently unregulated by any federal law, a number of cities, like Chicago, New York City and Los Angeles have banned or are considering banning the use of e cigarettes in restaurants and other public places. Utah, New Jersey and North Dakota banned the use of e cigarettes anywhere smoking is prohibited. The Food and Drug Administration is considering whether or not to classify e cigs like tobacco products.

Despite claims from e cigarette companies they don&#39 t target kids or teens, Sens. Barbara Boxer (D Calif.), Dick Durbin (D Ill.), Tom Harkin (D Iowa), Richard Blumenthal (D Conn.) and Ed Markey (D Mass.), aren&#39 t buying it, drawing parallels between e cigarette marketing tactics and the marketing of cigarettes in its heyday.

It doesn&#39 t help the cause of e cigarettes that they come in candy like flavors such as bubblegum and strawberry.

«When it comes to the marketing of e cigarettes to children and teens, it&#39 s &#39 Joe Camel&#39 all over again,» said Sen. Harkin. «It is troubling that manufacturers of e cigarettes, some of whom also make traditional cigarettes, are attempting to establish a new generation of nicotine addicts through aggressive marketing that often uses cartoons and sponsorship of music festivals and sporting events.»

Though the health consequences of e cigarettes haven t been proven, some studies have indicated that e cigarettes could serve as a gateway for children and teens to smoking regular cigarettes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that the percentage of high school students who tried e cigarettes doubled in one year. More than 76 percent of those users said they also smoked conventional cigarettes. According to a National Youth Tobacco Survey, 1.87 million middle school and high school students tried e cigarettes in 2012.

«We cannot risk undoing decades of progress in reducing youth smoking by allowing e cigarette makers to target our kids,» Boxer said.

The Protecting Children from Electronic Cigarette Advertising Act would give the Federal Trade Commission the authority to determine what constitutes marketing e cigarettes to children and would allow the FTC to work with states&#39 attorneys general to enforce the ad ban.

The bill is backed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Heart Association, the American Lung Association, the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, and the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids.


5 комментариев to “Boom in e-cigarette sales divides smoking campaigners”

  1. Charles Hamshaw Thomas, described the parliamentary vote as a fantastic result for public health and the millions of smokers around Europe who were switching to e cigarettes. Without such a vote, he said, "We would have been in the absurd position of the EU making it much harder to make and sell e

    • ation of packaging or plain packaging where they are justified on grounds of public health, are proportionate and do not lead to hidden barriers to trade between Member States. Will flavourings be banned? How about additives, etc.? Flavourings in cigarettes and RYO tobacco must not be used in quanti

    • co companies. The other authors report no conflicts. Previous SectionNext Section Footnotes The information contained in this Circulation Cardiology Patient Page is not a substitute for medical advice, and the American Heart Association recommends consultation with your doctor or healthcare professi

  2. rkers were largely critical of the proposal, viewing it as an attack on the maturity and self determination of young people. By 18, people are responsible enough to make their own decisions, said Erik Malave, 23, a music production student at City College. Forcing people to make themselves healthy t

  3. taurants, cafes and dining areas Pubs, clubs and bars (except designated smoking areas) Indoors at schools, colleges and universities Community centres, halls and churches Theatres, libraries and galleries Public transport (buses, trains, trams, aeroplanes, taxis, ferries) Gyms and sporting faciliti

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.