Camel (cigarette) — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Camel cigarettes come in the following varieties

USA varieties edit

Camel Non filter
Camel Filters
Camel Filters Wides
Camel Filters 99’s
Camel Blue (Lights)
Camel Blue Wides (Lights)
Camel Blue 99’s (Lights)
Camel Platinum (Silver) (Ultra Lights)
Camel Platinum (Silver) 99’s (Ultra Lights)
Camel Menthol (Crush)
Camel Menthol Silver (Lights)(Crush)
Camel Crush(Lights)
Camel Crush Bold(Full Flavor)
Camel Turkish Royal ((Full Flavor)
Camel Turkish Gold (Lights)
Camel Turkish Silver (Ultra Lights)
Camel No. 9
Camel No. 9 100’s
Camel No. 9 Menthe
Camel No. 9 Menthe 100’s
Kamel Red
Kamel Red Smooth Taste (Lights)
Camel Wides
Camel Wides Menthol
Camel Wides Menthol Green(Lights)

Discontinued USA varieties edit

Camel Filter 100’s
Camel Lights 100’s
Camel Signature Infused
Camel Signature Frost
Camel Izmir Stinger
Camel Basma
Camel Dark Mint
Camel Mandarin Mint
Camel Samsun
Camel Cinnzabar
Camel Twist
Camel Screwdriver Slots
Camel Rare
Camel Turkish Jade
Camel Rare Menthol
Camel Mandalay Lime
Camel Aegean Spice
Camel Bayou Blast
Camel Beach Breezer
Camel Margarita Mixer
Camel Midnight Madness
Camel Back Alley Blend
Camel Kauai Kolada
Camel Crema
Camel Twista Lime
Camel Warm Winter Toffee
Camel Winter Mocha Mint
Camel Special Blend Lights
Camel Special Blend Lights 100’s
Camel Signature Mellow
Camel Signature Robust

International varieties edit

Camel Big Orange 100’s (Mexico)
Camel Big Peach 100’s (Mexico)
Camel Big Red 100’s (Mexico)
Camel Big Grape 100’s (Mexico)
Camel Black (More than 20 countries, mainly in Europe)
Camel White (More than 20 countries, mainly in Europe)
Camel Super Lights (South Africa)
Camel Natural (South Africa)
Camel Classic (South Africa)
Camel Filters 100’s (Mexico)
Camel Lights 100’s (Mexico)
Camel Natural (Europe)
Camel Nutty Menthol (Japan)
Camel One (Ukraine)
Camel Orange (Medium) (Ukraine)
Camel Ultra Lights 100’s (Mexico)

Canadian varieties edit

Camel Filters (gold/brown pack 20 cigarettes)
Camel Light (blue pack 20 cigarettes)

Additive free varieties edit

Camel Natural Flavor 8
Camel Natural Flavor 6 Lights
Camel Natural Flavor 4 Ultra Lights

Menthol capsule varieties edit

These varieties contain a small bead in the filter filled with a menthol liquid. When crushed, the liquid is released into the filter giving the smoker an increased menthol flavor.

Camel Crush Camel Light becomes a Camel Menthol Light
Camel Crush Bold Bold becomes menthol
Camel Menthol Adds an additional amount of menthol flavoring to the cigarette.
Camel Menthol Silver (Light) Adds an additional amount of menthol flavoring to the cigarette.

Snus edit

Camel Mellow
Camel Robust
Camel Frost
Camel Winterchill
Camel Mint
Camel Original Portion (Sweden/Norway only)
Camel White Portion (Sweden/Norway only)

Dipping Tobacco edit

Camel Dark Milled (fine cut)
Camel Wintergreen Wide Cut (long cut)
Camel Wintergreen Pouches

See also edit

  • Smoking
  • Camel Trophy

References edit

  1. a b c d e Burrough, Bryan (2003). Barbarians at the Gate. HarperCollins. pp. 40, 46.
  2. Hilliard, Robert L. and Keith, Michael C. (2005). The broadcast century and beyond. Elsevier. p. 137. ISBN 978 0 240 80570 2.
  3. Fischer PM, Schwartz MP, Richards JW Jr, Goldstein AO, Rojas TH, (1991 12 11). «Brand logo recognition by children aged 3 to 6 years». JAMA 266 (22) 266(22) 3145 8. PMID 1956101. Retrieved March 6, 2007.
  4. Craver, Richard (2012 09 26). «Reynolds to offer more menthol versions of Pall Mall cigarettes». Winston Salem Journal.
  5. Proctor, Robert (2013 10 20). «Camels 100 years and still killing.» Los Angeles Times.
  6. «Reynolds will pay $10 million in Joe Camel lawsuit». USA Today. 1997 09 12. Retrieved 2010 11 23.
  7. Craver, Richard (2010 11 15). «Camel promotion under fire». Winston Salem Journal. Retrieved 2010 11 23.
  8. Wilson, Duff (2010 11 12). «Group Says Camel Packs Lure the Young». The New York Times. Retrieved 2012 11 01.
  9. a b Felberbaum, Michael (2010 12 01). «State AGs ask RJ Reynolds to stop Camel cigarette ‘Break Free Adventure’ marketing campaign». Star Tribune. Associated Press. Retrieved 2012 11 01.

External links edit Wikimedia Commons has media related to Camel (cigarette).

  • Cigarette history with Camel in context
  • Camel Cigarettes packs from Encyclopedia of Cigarettes
  • Camel Crush a story of success from TobaccoPub
  • Gallery of classic graphic design featuring Camel cigarettes

Cigarette taxes in the united states — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Although cigarettes were not popular in the United States until the mid 19th century, the federal government still attempted to implement a tax on tobacco products such as snuff early on in its history. In 1794, secretary of the treasury Alexander Hamilton introduced the first ever federal excise tax on tobacco products. Hamilton s original proposal passed after major modifications, only to be repealed shortly thereafter with an insignificant effect on the federal budget. 1 Even though Hamilton s tax on tobacco failed, tobacco taxation continued to play an important role in American history.

On July 1, 1862, the United States Congress passed excise taxes on many items including tobacco. This occurred as a result of the Union s increasing debt during the American Civil War and the Federal government s need for additional revenue. After the war, many of these excise taxes were repealed but the tax on tobacco remained. In fact, by 1868 the Government s main source of income came from these lingering tobacco taxes. 2

Despite the excise tax of the Federal government, states did not ratify a tobacco excise tax until well into the 20th century. In 1921, Iowa became the first state to pass a tobacco excise tax at the state level in addition to the federal tax. 3 Other states quickly followed suit, and by 1950, 40 states and Washington D.C. enacted taxes on cigarette sales. 4

As of 1969, all U.S. states, the District of Columbia and the territories have cigarette taxes. In addition, several cities such as Chicago and New York City have implemented their own citywide cigarette tax. New York City has a citywide tax of $1.50, making the combined state and local rate $5.85, the highest in the nation. 5 The lowest rate in the nation is in Missouri, at 17 cents, where the state’s electorate voted in 2002, 2006, and 2012 to keep it that way. 6 7

Under the Obama Administration edit

On February 4, 2009, the Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 was signed into law, which raised the federal tax rate for cigarettes on April 1, 2009 from $0.39 per pack to $1.01 per pack. 8 9 The purpose of the State Children s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) is to provide aid for impoverished children. SCHIP expanded its coverage of liability (in 2009)to include families with up to three times the federal poverty level as well as children from high income families in New York and New Jersey. SCHIP is proposed to also cover dental benefits and treatment of mental illnesses where it previously did not exist. In addition to providing these services for U.S. citizens, SCHIP is also expanded to cover immigrant children and immigrant pregnant women. 10

President Barack Obama has received both criticism and support for signing it.

One of the biggest critiques of the passing of this bill comes from economists who believe that an increase in the federal cigarette tax will lead to decreased funding for state programs that rely on their own state cigarette taxes. 11 According to Nobel prize winning economist Gary Becker, who has studied the long run price elasticity of cigarettes, the tax increase as a result of the Children s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act increases the price of cigarettes 13.3% which ultimately means a 10.6% decrease in unit sales. The National Tax Foundation calculates these numbers to determine a predicted $1 billion loss for states. Another argument against this bill claims it to be regressive, holding that the tax increase unfairly targets the poor because according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) more than half of all smokers are low income. 12 The CDC also notes that, «However, because low income groups are more responsive to price increases, increasing the real price of cigarettes can reduce cigarette consumption among low income smokers by a greater percentage than among higher income smokers, and thereby diminish socioeconomic smoking disparities. 13 Further, lower income communities also suffer from tobacco related illnesses at a disproportionately higher rater than their higher income counterparts. 14

In a study conducted on behalf of the New York State Department of Health, it revealed that low income smokers (those in households making under $30,000), spent an average of 23.6% of their annual household income on cigarettes, compared to 2.2% for smokers in households making over $60,000. 15

Effects on smoking rates edit

One of the reasons for the support of increased cigarette taxes among public health officials is that many studies show that this leads to a decrease in smoking rates. 16 The relationship between smoking rates and cigarette taxes follows the property of elasticity the greater the amount of the tax increase, the fewer cigarettes that are bought and consumed. 17 This is especially prevalent amongst teenagers. For every ten percent increase in the price of a pack of cigarettes, youth smoking rates overall drop about seven percent. 18 This rate is also true amongst minorities and low income population smokers. 19 The rates of calls to quitting hot lines are directly related to cigarette tax hikes. When Wisconsin raised its state cigarette tax to $1.00 per pack, the hot line received a record of 20,000 calls in a two month time period versus its typical 9,000 calls annually. 20

An analysis of smoking and cigarette tax rates in 1955 through 1964, prior to the Surgeon General s first report and general antismoking sentiment, shows the same relationship between tax increases and declining smoking rates that are prevalent today, suggesting that popular attitudes towards smoking are not a confounding factor. 17

In 2012, RTI International conducted an analysis of data from the 2010 2011 New York and national Adult Tobacco Surveys to assess the financial burden cigarette taxes place on low income families for the New York State Department of Health. According to ABC News, the study found that «higher cigarette taxes may be financially hurting low income smokers rather than making them more likely to quit.» Among the 13,000 surveyed in New York State, lower income smokers spent 23.6 percent of their income on cigarettes, compared to two percent by higher income New York residents and an average of 14 percent among lower income smokers nationally. 21 22

Proportion of taxes in cigarette prices edit

While the price of cigarettes has continuously increased since 1965, the percentage of that price going towards taxes is now half of what it was then. 19 While tobacco companies complain about the $1.01 cigarette tax, Phillip Morris, Reynolds American, and Lorillard have all increased their prices by almost $1.00 per pack on their own. 23 Phillip Morris currently lists all taxes, including federal, state, local, and sales taxes, as 56.6% of the total cost of a pack of cigarettes. 24

State cigarette tax rates edit

The following table lists American state and territory tax rates (as of August 1, 2013) 23 25