Cdc — fact sheet — low-yield cigarettes — smoking & tobacco use

Cigarette Descriptors and Design

Labels with descriptors, such as «light,» «low,» or «mild» can no longer be used.3

In the past, the tobacco industry categorized low yield cigarettes using measurements of tar on standardized smoking machines.1

  • Cigarette brands that yielded approximately 1 6 milligrams (mg) of tar were historically called «ultra light.»
  • Those with approximately 6 15 mg of tar were called «light.»
  • Brands yielding more than 15 mg of tar were called «regular» or «full flavor.»

The following cigarette design changes made over the past decades affected the tar and nicotine measurements 1,2,4

  • Addition of different size and density filters
  • Ventilation holes in the cigarettes to bring in air and dilute the smoke measured
  • Chemical additives in the paper and/or tobacco
  • Tobacco (i.e., using different types, blends, and curing methods)

Changes in cigarette design have not made cigarettes safe.1,5

  • No strong scientific evidence exists indicating that changes in cigarette design have resulted in a decrease in the diseases caused by smoking cigarettes.

Compensatory Smoking

Most smokers are addicted to nicotine and consequently may compensate when smoking low yield cigarettes in order to take in more nicotine than estimated by a smoking machine.1,5,6,7

  • Many smokers block the ventilation holes, thus inhaling more tar and nicotine than measured by machines.
  • Many smokers inhale longer, harder, and more frequently when smoking low yield cigarettes to get more nicotine.
  • Smokers may get as much or more tar and nicotine from cigarettes with low yield ratings as from regular cigarettes because of the ways they compensate when smoking them.

Smokers Who Use Low Yield Cigarettes

  • Many smokers consider smoking low yield cigarettes, menthol cigarettes, or additive free cigarettes to be safer than smoking regular cigarettes, even though no strong scientific evidence exists to substantiate these beliefs.1,2,5
  • Many smokers may have switched to low yield brands instead of quitting smokers may be misled by the implied promise of reduced toxicity underlying the marketing of such brands.1,5,6
  • Information on sales of U.S. cigarettes indicates that there were decreases in tar and nicotine from 38 mg of tar and 2.7 mg of nicotine in 1954 to 12 mg of tar and 0.95 mg of nicotine in 1993. Tar and nicotine levels have remained stable since then.4

Health Risks of Smoking

  • The evidence indicates that changing cigarette designs over the last five decades, including filtered, low tar, and «light» variations, have not reduced overall disease risk among smokers and may have hindered prevention and cessation efforts.4
  • There is insufficient evidence to determine whether novel tobacco products reduce individual and population health risks.4
  • The overall health of the public could be harmed if the introduction of novel tobacco products encourages tobacco use among people who would otherwise be unlikely to use a tobacco product or delays cessation among people who would otherwise quit using tobacco altogether.4

References

  1. National Cancer Institute. Risks Associated with Smoking Cigarettes with Low Machine Measured Yields of Tar and Nicotine. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph 13. Bethesda U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, 2001 accessed 2013 June 11 .
  2. Institute of Medicine. Clearing the Smoke Assessing the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Prevention. Washington National Academy Press, 2001 accessed 2013 June 11 .
  3. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff Use of «Light,» «Mild,» «Low,» or Similar Descriptors in the Label, Labeling, or Advertising of Tobacco Products. Rockville (MD) U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Tobacco Products, 2010 accessed 2013 June 11 .
  4. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking Attributable Disease. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2010 accessed 2013 June 11 .
  5. Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids. Light and Low Tar Fact Sheets.
    PDF 180.59 KB Washington Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, 2010 accessed 2013 June 11 .
  6. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Reducing Tobacco Use A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2000 accessed 2013 June 11 .
  7. Public Health Law Center. Light/Low Yield Cigarettes. St. Paul (MN) Public Health Law Center, 2010 accessed 2013 June 11 .

For Further Information

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Office on Smoking and Health
E mail tobaccoinfo
Phone 1 800 CDC INFO

Media Inquiries Contact CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health press line at 770 488 5493.

West (cigarette) — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

West was introduced to the German market in 1981 and was only available in tobacco goods shops. It was introduced with advertising stating West was a «quality marque at a fair price» on the German market. Since approximately 1987 West became available in supermarkets and cigarette vending machines. West is the second strongest cigarette brand in Germany.

Sponsorship edit

West sponsored the Zakspeed Formula One team from 1985 to 1989 and Sito Pons’ Motogp team between 2000 and 2002. It was the principal sponsor of the McLaren Formula One team (as West McLaren Mercedes), from 1997 to July 2005 and Slovak Extraliga from 1997 to 2001. West terminated its relationship with McLaren due to a European Union ban on tobacco advertising. West also sponsors numerous amateur cage fighters.

Brands and Varieties edit This section needs attention from an expert in Business or Germany. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the section. WikiProject Business or WikiProject Germany (or their Portals) may be able to help recruit an expert. (February 2009) From the German Wikipedia

The following products are represented in the West assortment

  • West talk, a cigarette, whose smoke contains 10 mg tar, 0.9 mg nicotine as well as 10 mg Carbon monoxide.
  • West Silver, formerly under west Light contains 7 mg tar, 0.6 mg nicotine as well as 7 mg Carbon monoxide).
  • West Blue, a cigarette, whose smoke contains 4 mg tar, 0.4 mg nicotine as well as 4 mg Carbon monoxide.
  • West Rich Blue, a cigarette, whose smoke contains 8 mg tar, 0.7 mg nicotine as well as 8 mg Carbon monoxide.
  • West ICE, a spearmint flavored menthol cigarette, has 7 mg tar, 0.6 mg nicotine as well as 7 mg Carbon monoxide). Part of the flavor materials are added not to the tobacco, but to the filter.

References edit


5 комментариев to “Cdc — fact sheet — low-yield cigarettes — smoking & tobacco use”

  1. sent the Directive to the public on Wednesday (19.12.2012). It’s likely that cigarette packets will soon have to display shocking pictures which graphically underline the dangers of smoking. The most common smoking related diseases are lung cancer, chronic lung diseases and cardiovascular diseases

    • sherry, port) 20 litres Declaring goods to customs You have to tell customs about any restricted goods and show them the relevant paper work, eg licences, permits, that allow you to bring these into the UK. To do this you use the red channel or the red point phone. The customs officer will tell you

    • exceptional customer experience. Over the next couple of weeks we will be transitioning from VaporZone to VaporFi including a new URL for our website ( ), new logo on packaging and product, updated branding at all stores, social media, etc. Please note that product remains unchanged with the same qu

  2. ularity in the past few years, campaigners have argued that e cigarettes are becoming damaging to people’s health. Tobacco companies and e cigarette manufacturers have however all requested the restrictions are watered down. Anti smoking backers have claimed that e cigarettes have the potential to s

  3. pliers Forum, Tank Issues, Hogs Mods, The HHV Army, VAMO, Vaping in Japan, Vapor Kings, VaporFlow, Vapealicious, Vapors Etc, JuicyLiquid, JantyWorld, VaporJunction, VaporNine, Innovapor, Intellicig<! $prefix 091e9c5e8031cacd091e9c5e804b3030E Cigarettes Under /01/2009 00 00 0012/31/2009 00 00 00wbmd

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.