E-cigarettes: gateway to nicotine addiction for u.s. teens, says ucsf study

Contrary to advertiser claims that e cigarettes can help consumers stop smoking conventional cigarettes, teenagers who used e cigarettes and conventional cigarettes were much less likely to have abstained from cigarettes in the past 30 days, 6 months, or year. At the same time, they were more likely to be planning to quit smoking in the next year than smokers who did not use e cigarettes.

The study s cross sectional nature didn t allow the researchers to identify whether most youths initiated with conventional cigarettes or e cigarettes. But the authors noted that about 20 percent of middle school students and about 7 percent of high school students who had ever used e cigarettes had never smoked regular cigarettes meaning that some kids are introduced to the addictive drug nicotine through e cigarettes, the authors said.

It looks to me like the wild west marketing of e cigarettes is not only encouraging youth to smoke them, but also it is promoting regular cigarette smoking among youth, said senior author Stanton A. Glantz, PhD, UCSF professor of medicine and director of the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.

Study of E Cigarette Use Progresses

The new results are consistent with a similar study of 75,000 Korean adolescents published last year by UCSF researchers, which also found that adolescents who used e cigarettes were less likely to have stopped smoking conventional cigarettes.

In combination, the two studies suggest that e cigarettes may contribute to nicotine addiction and are unlikely to discourage conventional cigarette smoking among youths, said the scientists.

The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported last year that the majority of adolescents who have ever smoked e cigarettes also have smoked regular cigarettes. An estimated 1.78 million U.S. students have used the devices as of 2012, the CDC reported.

The research was funded by the National Cancer Institute (grants CA 113710 and CA 060121).

The Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education specializes in tobacco control research focused on policy change, smoking cessation, nicotine addiction, health disparities in smoking, novel tobacco devices and tobacco marketing. It also houses the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, a rich resource of previously confidential tobacco industry documents.

UCSF is a leading university dedicated to promoting health worldwide through advanced biomedical research, graduate level education in the life sciences and health professions, and excellence in patient care. It includes top ranked graduate schools of dentistry, medicine, nursing and pharmacy, a graduate division with nationally renowned programs in basic biomedical, translational and population sciences, as well as a preeminent biomedical research enterprise and two top ranked hospitals, UCSF Medical Center and UCSF Benioff Children s Hospital.

Bbc news — call for restrictions on sale of electronic cigarettes to children

Research suggests about 1.3m smokers and ex smokers in the UK use the products, which are designed to replicate smoking behaviour without the use of tobacco.

E cigarettes turn nicotine and other chemicals into a vapour that is inhaled.

Mr Maxwell said an answer to a Westminster parliamentary question revealed that there were currently no age restrictions affecting the sale of e cigarettes.

«There is a real and worrying grey area when it comes to e cigarettes that needs to be addressed,» he said.

«It cannot be right that these nicotine containing products can be legally marketed and sold to children.

«There is a worrying loophole here that needs to be tightened up as a matter of urgency. I will be seeking a meeting with the Scottish government minister for public health to see if anything can be done in Scotland to close this loophole in the sale of these products, but clearly there is also need for action at Westminster.»

Electronic cigarettes will be licensed as a medicine in the UK from 2016 under new regulations to be introduced by the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulation Agency, the body which regulates medicines in the UK.

Concerns have been raised over the lack of regulation of e cigarettes

The UK currently has few restrictions on the use of e cigarettes, despite moves in some countries to ban them.

Mr Maxwell added «Scotland currently does not have the power to restrict the advertising of these products, something that is vital if this issue is to be tackled properly.

«All our experience with tobacco products shows that advertising plays a huge role in how products like this are perceived. We cannot have a situation where we return to the bad old days where nicotine products were glamorised in advertising.

«There needs to be firmer rules on what exactly is permitted, so that we do not find ourselves in a position where products that encourage nicotine addiction are ever seen as healthy or beneficial.»

A spokesman for the Scottish government said «We will continue to consider what further advice and guidance may be required on electronic cigarettes for the benefit of public health in Scotland and the minister for public health, Michael Matheson, would be happy to meet Mr Maxwell to discuss this matter.»