Electronic cigarettes: a safe way to light up? — mayo clinic

Electronic cigarettes, often called e cigarettes, are battery operated devices designed to look like regular tobacco cigarettes. Like their conventional counterparts, electronic cigarettes contain nicotine. Here’s how they work An atomizer heats a liquid containing nicotine, turning it into a vapor that can be inhaled and creating a vapor cloud that resembles cigarette smoke.

Manufacturers claim that electronic cigarettes are a safe alternative to conventional cigarettes. However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has questioned the safety of these products. When the FDA analyzed samples of two popular brands, they found variable amounts of nicotine and traces of toxic chemicals, including known cancer causing substances (carcinogens). This prompted the FDA to issue a warning about potential health risks associated with electronic cigarettes.

Until more is known about the potential risks, the safe play is to say no to electronic cigarettes. If you’re looking for help to stop smoking, there are many FDA approved medications that have been shown to be safe and effective for this purpose.

List of countries by cigarette consumption per capita — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of countries by annual per capita consumption of tobacco cigarettes.

Cigarettes are smoked by over 1.1 billion people. While smoking rates have leveled off or declined in developed nations, in developing nations tobacco consumption continues to rise at a rate of around 3.4% per annum. citation needed

Smoking rates in the United States have dropped by half from 1965 to 2006 falling from 42% to 20.8% of adults, 1 with further significant decline to 18 percent by 2012. 2 There are large regional differences in smoking rates, with Kentucky, West Virginia, Oklahoma and Mississippi topping the list, and Idaho, California and Utah at significantly lower rates. 3

In Australia the incidence of smoking is in decline, with figures from 2011 13 showing 16.1% of the population (over 18) to be daily smokers, a decline from 22.4% in 2001. Young adults are the most likely age group to smoke, with a marked decline in smoking rates with increasing age. The prevalence of smoking is strongly associated with socioeconomic disadvantage low earners , with over double the rate in the most disadvantaged quintile of the population as compared to the least. 4

List edit Ranking Country Number of cigarettes
per adult per year

1 Serbia 2,869 2 Bulgaria 2,822 3 Greece 2,795 4 Russia 2,786 5 Moldova 2,479 6 Ukraine 2,401 7 Slovenia 2,369 8 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,278 9 Belarus 2,266 10 Montenegro 2,157 11 Lebanon 2,138 12 Czech Republic 2,125 13 South Korea 1,958 14 Republic of Macedonia 1,934 15 Kazakhstan 1,934 16 Azerbaijan 1,877 17 Japan 1,841 18 Kuwait 1,812 19 Spain 1,757 20 Switzerland 1,722 21 China 1,711 22 Austria 1,650 23 Tunisia 1,628 24 Croatia 1,621 25 Armenia 1,620 26 Cyprus 1,620 27 Poland 1,586 28 Estonia 1,523 29 Hungary 1,518 30 Italy 1,475 31 Belgium 1,455 32 Denmark 1,413 33 Romania 1,404 34 Slovakia 1,403 35 Turkey 1,399 36 Malta 1,378 37 Jordan 1,372 38 Cuba 1,261 39 Albania 1,116 40 Portugal 1,114 41 Trinidad and Tobago 1,106 42 Egypt 1,104 43 Indonesia 1,085 44 Tajikistan 1,046 45 Germany 1,045 46 Argentina 1,042 47 Georgia 1,039 48 Monaco 1,038 49 Israel 1,037 50 Australia 1,034 51 United States 1,028 52 Syria 1,013 53 Ireland 1,006 54 Vietnam 1,001 55 Kyrgyzstan 0,942 56 Luxembourg 0,928 57 Iraq 0,864 58 Chile 0,860 59 France 0,854 60 Oman 0,852 61 Philippines 0,838 62 Libya 0,818 63 Canada 809 64 Saudi Arabia 0,809 65 Lithuania 804 66 Netherlands 0,801 67 Mauritius 0,787 68 Latvia 0,785 69 Andorra 784 70 Algeria 0,775 71 Uruguay 0,770 72 Brunei 751 73 United Kingdom 0,750 74 Sweden 715 75 Finland 0,671 76 Papua New Guinea 0,670 77 Bahrain 0,661 78 Iran 0,657 79 North Korea 0,650 80 Nauru 0,626 81 Paraguay 0,619 82 United Arab Emirates 0,583 83 Comoros 0,583 84 New Zealand 0,579 85 Seychelles 0,565 86 Thailand 0,560 87 Mongolia 0,555 88 Singapore 0,547 89 Malaysia 0,539 90 Namibia 0,534 91 Norway 0,534 92 Fiji 0,530 93 Costa Rica 0,529 94 Brazil 0,504 95 Gabon 0,501 96 Morocco 0,500 97 Venezuela 0,496 98 Iceland 0,477 99 Pakistan 0,468 100 South Africa 0,459 101 Cambodia 0,452 102 Uzbekistan 0,449 103 Laos 0,435 104 Nepal 0,420 105 Angola 0,414 106 Colombia 0,412 107 Yemen 0,402 108 Senegal 0,398 109 Equatorial Guinea 0,391 110 Nicaragua 0,377 111 Antigua and Barbuda 0,375 112 Mexico 0,371 113 Belize 0,367 114 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0,351 115 Barbados 0,344 116 Cape Verde 0,339 117 Dominica 0,339 118 Botswana 0,336 119 Djibouti 0,309 120 Togo 0,307 121 Swaziland 0,303 122 The Bahamas 0,288 123 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0,287 124 Jamaica 0,283 125 Qatar 0,281 126 Madagascar 0,260 127 Saint Lucia 0,249 128 Guatemala 0,235 129 Dominican Republic 0,234 130 Grenada 0,229 131 Ecuador 0,227 132 Honduras 0,217 133 El Salvador 0,209 134 Mozambique 0,200 135 Panama 0,197 136 Sri Lanka 0,195 137 Myanmar 0,189 138 Zimbabwe 0,189 139 Bolivia 0,179 140 Sierra Leone 0,177 141 Maldives 0,170 142 Bangladesh 0,154 143 Ivory Coast 0,148 144 Kenya 0,144 145 Burundi 0,137 146 Peru 0,137 147 Turkmenistan 0,135 148 Tanzania 0,132 149 Mali 0,127 150 Bhutan 0,120 151 Nigeria 0,116 152 Liberia 0,113 153 Burkina Faso 0,109 154 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0,105 155 Central African Republic 102 156 Haiti 100 157 Guinea Bissau 97 158 India 0,096 159 Rwanda 0,094 160 Cameroon 0,093 161 Chad 0,086 162 Mauritania 0,086 163 Gambia 0,085 164 Sudan 75 165 Eritrea 0,074 166 Zambia 0,074 167 Benin 0,071 168 S o Tom and Pr ncipe 0,069 169 Somalia 67 170 Lesotho 0,062 171 Afghanistan 0,061 172 Suriname 0,057 173 Niger 0,052 174 Guyana 0,049 175 Malawi 0,048 176 Tonga 48 177 Ghana 0,044 178 Vanuatu 0,043 179 Ethiopia 0,042 180 Samoa 0,034 181 Tuvalu 0,029 182 Uganda 0,024 183 Kiribati 22 184 Solomon Islands 18 185 Guinea 9 References edit

  • ERC. (2007). World Cigarettes 1 The 2007 Report. ERC Statistics Intl PIc. Population data is from Central Intelligence Agency. (2007). The World Factbook 2007. Washington Government Printing Office.

3 комментария to “Electronic cigarettes: a safe way to light up? — mayo clinic”

  1. 119 billion units, and more than 30 percent of the cigarette sales in the United States. In May 2006, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company introduced Camel Snus, an innovative smoke free, spitless tobacco product made of pasteurized tobacco contained in pouches. Camel Snus was launched nationally in 2009.

  2. on is three fold. However, PPP adjusted prices reveal a different distribution. In three countries adjusted prices are outliers, but all other countries make two clusters, one around the average EU index of 100, the other around a lower value of 85. CONCLUSIONS These results suggest that fiscal harm

  3. hands on e cigarettes &#45 &#45 even if marketers like Youngblood refuse to sell them to minors. "It will be easy for kids to get the product," Light tells WebMD. "It could be a way to get kids into the nicotine habit to get them to smoke. It is a ploy." SOURCES Craig Youngblood, president, InLife

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.