Menthol cigarette — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

  1. Benowitz, Neal Herrera, Brenda Jacob, Peyton (2004). «Mentholated Cigarette Smoking Inhibits Nicotine Metabolism». The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 310 (3) 1208 15. doi 10.1124/jpet.104.066902. ISSN 0022 3565. PMID 15084646. Cite uses deprecated parameters (help)
  2. «Process of Treating Cigarette Tobacco». United States Patent Office.
  3. a b McNichols, Tom (25 March 2011). «Mint that Kills The Curious Life of Menthol Cigarettes». The Atlantic. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  4. a b Market Science Associates. «The Growth of Menthols 1933 1977». Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  5. a b c «Characterization of Menthol History and Design of Menthol Cigarettes». Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  6. «Epidemiology of Menthol Cigarette Use». U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  7. «Lorillard, Inc 2012 Form 10 K, p. 40». U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  8. Rubin, Rita (2009 09 27). «Exclusion of menthol cigarettes in ban worries health experts». USA Today. Retrieved 2010 05 12.
  9. «Harvard Researchers Gather More Evidence Implicating Menthol in Health Disparities Between White and Black Smokers».
  10. «The National Survey on Drug Use and Health Report». Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  11. Craver, Richard (2012 09 26). «Reynolds to offer more menthol versions of Pall Mall cigarettes». Winston Salem Journal.
  12. «Brazil bans flavorings».
  13. «EU agrees ban on menthol cigarettes», RT , 21 June 2013
  14. «Ex Chancellor ‘hoards 38,000 cigarettes'», The Local, 9 July 2013
  15. «EU bans menthol, targets e cigarettes». October 9, 2013.
  16. «FDA V. BROWN & WILLIAMSON TOBACCO CORP. (98 1152)». United States Supreme Court. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  17. a b Wilson, Duff (18 March 2011). «Advisory Panel Urges F.D.A to Re examine Menthol in Cigarettes». The New York Times. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  18. «Tobacco Makers Fight Menthol Rules». Associated Press. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  19. «Much heated puffing among minority groups over menthol cigarette ban». Los Angeles Times. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  20. Rubin, Rita (14 March 2011). «FDA weighs ban on Newports, other menthol cigarettes». USA Today. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  21. Lee, Jessie (24 March 2011). «Banning menthol cigarettes will create contraband market». Indianapolis Recorder. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  22. «National Troopers Coalition Applauds FDA Consideration of New Black Market Tobacco Study». PR Newswire. 18 November 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  23. «Union Don’t Ban Menthols». Winston Salem Journal. 9 December 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
  24. Zajac, Andrew (18 March 2011). «Tobacco industry brushes off call for FDA restrictions on menthol cigarettes». Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  25. Lee, PN (April 2011). «Systematic review of the epidemiological evidence comparing lung cancer risk in smokers of mentholated and unmentholated cigarettes». BMC Pulmonary Medicine 11 (18). doi 10.1186/1471 2466 11 18. PMC 3103484. PMID 21501470.

Cigarette filter — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

  1. «Consumers’ knowledge and beliefs about the safety of cigarette filters HASTRUP et al. 10 (1) 84 Tobacco Control». 1970 04 14. Retrieved 2013 01 02.
  2. «The History of Filters». Retrieved 2008 05 18.
  3. «British American Tobacco Cigarettes». Retrieved 2013 01 02.
  4. «What are cigarettes and filters made of? Longwood University». Retrieved 2013 01 02.
  5. «Cigarette Filter Danger»
  6. 1966 Lark cigarette commercial
  7. Rigotti NA, Tindle HA (March 2004). «The fallacy of «light» cigarettes». BMJ 328 (7440) E278 9. doi 10.1136/bmj.328.7440.E278. PMC 2901853. PMID 15016715.
  8. Louis R. Carlozo (June 18, 2008). «Kicking butts How the butts stack up». Chicago Tribune. «10 15 years length of time it takes a filter’s component fibers to break down they do not biodegrade»
  9. /
  10. a b
  11. Ceredigion County Council dead link
  12. Register KM (August 2000). «Cigarette Butts as Litter Toxic as Well as Ugly». Underwater Naturalist, Bulletin of the American Littoral Society 25 (2).
  13. Pauly JL, Mepani AB, Lesses JD, Cummings KM, Streck RJ (March 2002). «Cigarettes with defective filters marketed for 40 years what Philip Morris never told smokers». Tob Control 11 (Suppl 1) I51 61. doi 10.1136/ PMC 1766058. PMID 11893815. «Table 1 Chronology of events related to the marketing of cigarettes filters in the USA, and filter fibre and carbon particle «fall out» assays of Phillip Morris, Inc»
  14. International Coastal Cleanup 2006 Report, page 8 dead link