Quitting cigarettes completely or switching to s… [tob control. 2009] — pubmed — ncbi

BACKGROUND

Swedish male smokers are more likely than female smokers to switch to smokeless tobacco (snus) and males’ smoking cessation rate is higher than that of females. These results have fuelled international debate over promoting smokeless tobacco for harm reduction. This study examines whether similar results emerge in the United States, one of few other western countries where smokeless tobacco has long been widely available.

METHODS

US DATA SOURCE national sample in Tobacco Use Supplement to Current Population Survey, 2002, with 1 year follow up in 2003. Analyses included adult self respondents in this longitudinal sample (n 15,056). Population weighted rates of quitting smoking and switching to smokeless tobacco were computed for the 1 year period.

RESULTS

Among US men, few current smokers switched to smokeless tobacco (0.3% in 12 months). Few former smokers turned to smokeless tobacco (1.7%). Switching between cigarettes and smokeless tobacco, infrequent among current tobacco users (<4%), was more often from smokeless to smoking. Men quit smokeless tobacco at three times the rate of quitting cigarettes (38.8% vs 11.6%, p<0.001). Overall, US men have no advantage over women in quitting smoking (11.7% vs 12.4%, p 0.65), even though men are far likelier to use smokeless tobacco.

CONCLUSION

The Swedish results are not replicated in the United States. Both male and female US smokers appear to have higher quit rates for smoking than have their Swedish counterparts, despite greater use of smokeless tobacco in Sweden. Promoting smokeless tobacco for harm reduction in countries with ongoing tobacco control programmes may not result in any positive population effect on smoking cessation.


2 комментария to “Quitting cigarettes completely or switching to s… [tob control. 2009] — pubmed — ncbi”

  1. ted lungs and tighter regulation of e cigarettes. Health advocates welcome the legislation as a milestone in helping to reduce the number of smokers in the 28 nation bloc, while the tobacco industry condemns it as a burdensome regulation stymieing a legal industry, which is heavily taxed. Related Ar

  2. ask Force recommendation statement". Ann. Intern. Med. 159 (8) I 36. 2013. doi 10.7326/0003 4819 159 8 201310150 00699. PMID 23974179. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2008 Sander L. Gilman and Xun Zhou, "Introduction" in Smoke A Global History of Smoking p. 26 Matthew Hilton, "Smoking and

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