Rolling paper — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rolling papers are most commonly made with wood pulp, hemp, flax, or rice straw as a base material. Some companies may use esparto, which might lead to a slightly higher carcinogen level when burned. The basic design of a single paper is a long rectangle with a narrow strip of glue or gum all along one of the long edges. Longer rolling papers are also often used to make spliffs or used for rolling longer cigarettes. Rolling papers are also called skins or rollies (a term which can also mean the hand rolled cigarettes themselves), but the term skinning up usually only refers to the act of rolling a spliff. 1 Newer rolling papers are available in various flavors.

Dimensions edit

Most manufacturers who sell in the USA use the designations 1 (Single wide), 1 size, 1 size and «Doublewide» (2 or 2.0) in connection with cigarette rolling papers. However, within the industry, these designations have slightly different meanings, much like the term Corona does not mean a definitive size but moreover a general size. Across the various brands of cigarette papers the actual widths of the papers using these designations vary greatly. For example, the 1 designation is used with papers having widths ranging from about 1.7 inches to 2 inches, and the 1 designation is used with papers having widths ranging from around 2.4 to 3 inches. However the length of these papers is always 78mm ( / 1mm). 11 4 is also known as «Spanish Size» or «French» in parts of the world.

While a 11 4 sized paper is not exactly 25% larger than a 1 (single wide) paper, there is meaning to these size names. A better way to describe these accurately is that a 11 4 is designed to roll a cigarette that contains about 25% more filler than a single wide paper. Similarly a 11 2 size paper is designed to roll a cigarette that contains about 50% more than a single wide paper. A 11 4 size paper is larger than a 1 (single wide) paper and naturally a 11 2 size paper is larger than a 11 4 size paper, and a double wide is larger than a 11 2 size paper.

King Size is another multi meaning term. While a King Size cigarette is typically 84mm long, a King Size rolling paper is either 100mm or 110mm in length.

Consumption edit

In the United States, Tobacconist Magazine has called roll your own (RYO) the tobacco industry’s fastest growing segment. It estimates that 2 4% of US cigarette smokers, or approximately 2.6 million people, make their own cigarettes. Many of these smokers have switched in response to increasingly high taxes on manufactured cigarettes. 2

In 2000, a Canadian government survey estimated that 9% of Canada’s six million cigarette smokers smoked hand rolled cigarettes «sometimes or most of the time», 7% smoked roll your owns «exclusively», and over 90% of rolling papers sold in Canada were for tobacco consumption. A more recent 2009 study has shown that approximately 925,000 Canadians roll their own cigarettes. 3

According to The Publican, «Low price RYO has seen an astonishing rise of 175 per cent in 2007 as cigarette smokers look for cheaper alternatives and to control the size of their smoke». 4 Britain’s National Health Service has reported that roll your own use has more than doubled since 1990, from 11% to 24%. Many of these smokers apparently believe that hand rolled cigarettes are healthier than manufactured products. 5

In Thailand, roll your own smokers have long exceeded those for manufactured brands 6 the cheaper papers without gum are kept constantly between the fingers during a smoke there. New Zealand reported in 2005 that The ratio of roll your own to manufactured or tailor made cigarettes consumed by New Zealanders has risen over (at least) the past decade, perhaps reflecting price differences between these products, and currently approaching 50 percent overall. 7

Taxation edit

Consumers’ switching to roll your own has led to a response among certain tax authorities. In the United States, Indiana and Kentucky tax rolling papers. Kentucky set its tax at $0.25 per pack (for up to 32 leaves, larger packs are taxed at $0.0078 per leaf) in 2006 despite complaints from manufacturers. Louisiana Revised Statute 47 338.261 allows up to $1.25 per pack at retail.

Regulation edit

The FDA has recently stated that each and every brand (including private labels) of cigarette rolling papers sold in the USA must immediately submit their ingredients and seek agency approval or withdraw from the marketplace by March, 2011 if they have not been sold in the USA before February 15, 2007. 8

Developments edit

The Spanish brand of Smoking was accused of using illegal carcinogenic materials in their cigarette papers to cut costs, namely esparto. However, the company was never convicted. 9

Fire resistant applications edit

Fire resistant cigarettes, which reduce the risk of fire from unattended cigarettes, are made with special paper that includes a plastic compound, ethylene vinyl acetate. If a cigarette made with this type of paper is left unattended, the plastic in the paper will help the cigarette self extinguish.

Noted brands edit

E-cigarettes: health and safety issues