S.i. no. 327/1991 — european communities (tar yield of cigarettes) regulations, 1991

S.I. No. 327/1991

EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (TAR YIELD OF CIGARETTES) REGULATIONS, 1991

EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (TAR YIELD OF CIGARETTES) REGULATIONS, 1991

1. In exercise of the powers conferred on me by Section 3 of the European Communities Act, 1972 (No. 27 of 1972), I hereby make the following Regulations.

2. These Regulations may be cited as the European Communities (Tar Yield of Cigarettes) Regulations, 1991.

3. These Regulations shall come into operation on the 31st day of December, 1992.

In these Regulations «cigarette» does not include hand rolling tobacco.

4. The tar yield of a cigarette shall not exceed

15 mg per cigarette with effect from 31st December, 1992, and

12 mg per cigarette with effect from 31st December, 1997.

5. A cigarette manufactured and packed at the dates referred to in article 4 of these Regulations, which does not comply with these Regulations may, notwithstanding that article, be marketed for a period of two years thereafter.

6. The tar yields of a cigarette shall be measured according to ISO standards 4387 and 3400 or any ISO standard which amends or replaces either or both ISO standards 4387 and 3400.

7. The tar yields of a cigarette shall be verified according to ISO standard 8243.

8. These Regulations may be enforced by officers of the Minister and by officers of health boards established under the Health Act, 1970 (No. 1 of 1970 ).

9. Subject to article 5 of these Regulations, no person engaged in the manufacture, importation or distribution of cigarettes shall place cigarettes on sale which do not comply with article 4 of these Regulations.

10. A person who contravenes these Regulations shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding 1,000 and, in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine not exceeding 1,000 and, in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine not exceeding 1,000 for each day it is continued.

GIVEN under the Official Seal of the Minister for Health, this 10th

day of December, 1991.

MARY O’ ROURKE,

Minister for Health.

EXPLANATORY NOTE.

These Regulations limit the maximum tar yield of cigarettes to 15 mg per cigarette from 31st December, 1992 and 12 mg per cigarette from 31st December, 1997.

The Regulations which implement Council Directive (90/239/EEC) on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning the maximum tar yield of cigarettes.


Eu approves tough new tobacco regulations — cbs news

Updated at 8 49 a.m. Eastern

BRUSSELS European lawmakers approved sweeping new regulations governing the multi billion dollar tobacco market on Tuesday, including limits on electronic cigarettes, bigger warnings on cigarette packs and a ban on menthol and other flavorings in a bid to further curb smoking.

The European Parliament vote in Strasbourg came after months of bitter debate and an unusually strong lobbying campaign by the tobacco industry, which decries the regulations as disproportionate and limiting consumer freedom. The Parliament dismissed many of the industry’s arguments, but agreed on watered down versions of some of the most sensitive legislation.

The legislature still must reach a compromise with the 28 EU governments on certain points before the rules can enter into force. Diplomats say a deal could be struck by the end of the year.

The lawmakers voted to impose warning labels with the inclusion of gruesome pictorials, for example showing cancer infested lungs covering 65 percent of cigarette packs, rejecting a measure for blank packaging instead.

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Legislators also voted for new limits on advertising for electronic cigarettes, but rejected a measure that would have restricted them to medical use only. The battery operated products turn nicotine into a vapor inhaled by the user and are often marketed as a less harmful alternative to tobacco. Many health experts say e cigarettes are useful for people trying to quit or cut down on nicotine.

The Parliament also voted to ban menthol though not until 2022 and some other flavorings. They rejected a ban on slim cigarettes.

EU officials pleaded passionately for tough anti tobacco measures, arguing it’s a crucial question of public health. They also want to stop youngsters from being swayed into smoking by new, fancy packaging, e cigarettes, or cigarettes featuring flavors such as fruit aromas.

Smoking bans in public, limits on tobacco firms’ advertising, and other measures over the past decade have seen the number of smokers fall from an estimated 40 percent of the EU’s 500 million citizens to 28 percent now. Still, treatment of smoke related diseases costs about 25 billion euros ($34 billion) a year, and the bloc estimates there are around 700,000 smoking related deaths per annum across the 28 nation bloc.

Prime Minister Enda Kenny of Ireland on Monday wrote a fervent appeal to lawmakers, saying «Every year, more Europeans die from smoking than from the combined total of car accidents, fires, heroin, cocaine, murder and suicide.»

Lobbying against the measure was led by Philip Morris International Inc., which owns several brands such as Marlboro and called the new legislation «deeply flawed.» The company maintains that, among other things, banning menthol, slim cigarettes or small packages would violate EU rules.

Philip Morris, with $8.5 billion of sales and 12,500 employees in Europe, also claimed the regulation could result in up to 175,000 job losses and lost tax revenues of 5 billion euros per year.