Snuff (tobacco) — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

When sniffed, snuff often causes a sneeze though this is often seen by snuff takers as the sign of a beginner. The tendency to sneeze varies with the person and the particular snuff. Generally, drier snuffs are more likely to do this. For this reason, sellers of snuff often sell handkerchiefs. Slapstick comedy and cartoons have often made use of snuff’s sneeze inducing properties. citation needed

Advantages over cigarettes edit

Users of smokeless tobacco products, including snuff, face no known cancer risk to the lungs, but, and depending on the form of the smokeless tobacco product being consumed, may have other increased cancer risks than people who do not consume any form of tobacco products. 11 To date there have been no health suits filed against any of the UK’s snuff manufacturers and, based on current knowledge, there is no evidence to suggest that nasal snuff causes cancer when used, as intended, nasally. Over use can cause congestion but, unless an individual has a definite contra indication, it would appear that the moderate use of nasal snuff is no more harmful per se than the moderate use of coffee or wine. As the primary harm from smoking comes from the smoke itself, snuff has been proposed as a way of reducing harm from tobacco. 12

A study programme initiated in 1969 by the World Health Organization (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), titled «IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Volume 89, Smokeless Tobacco and Some Tobacco specific N Nitrosamines», published in 2007 representing the views and expert opinions of the IARC Working Group concluded on snuff taking and snuff tobacco that «studies on nasal use of snuff did not provide conclusive evidence of a relationship with cancer.» 7 The study programme was also supported by the United States National Cancer Institute, the European Commission Directorate General (Employment and Social Affairs) Health, Safety and Hygiene at Work Unit, and the United States National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. 7

Sapundzhiev, N., & Werner, J. A. (2003) found that the chronic «abuse of nasal sniffing of dry snuff leads to morphological and functional changes in the nasal mucosa » but, although dry nasal snuff «contains many substances that are potentially carcinogenic, there is no epidemiological evidence for increased incidence of local malignancies in habitual snuff users.» 13

An article from the 1981 British Medical Journal examining «Nicotine intake by snuff users» 14 concluded

Unlike tobacco smoke, snuff is free of tar and harmful gases such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides. Since it cannot be inhaled into the lungs, there is no risk of lung cancer, bronchitis, and emphysema. It is not known whether nicotine or carbon monoxide is the major culprit responsible for cigarette induced coronary heart disease. If it is carbon monoxide a switch to snuff would reduce the risk substantially, but even if nicotine plays a part our results show that the intake from snuff is no greater than from smoking.

In conclusion, the rapid absorption of nicotine from snuff confirms its potential as an acceptable substitute for smoking. Switching from cigarettes to snuff would substantially reduce the risk of lung cancer, bronchitis, emphysema, and possibly coronary heart disease as well.

Sale of snuff, tax and legal issues edit

Snuff is readily available over the counter in most European tobacco shops, it is also subject to the same sale and purchase age restrictions as with other tobacco products in accordance with local laws. In the United Kingdom, tobacco duty is not charged on «nasal» snuff tobacco. 15 16

In the United States, snuff is less readily available and typically is found only in specialty tobacco shops or online. Nasal snuff is subject to the warning label found on other smokeless tobacco products, «WARNING This product is not a safe alternative to cigarettes», and the warning must appear on 30% of the packaging.

Manufacturers edit

There are only few snuff companies remaining

  • Belgium Sifaco
  • Brazil Fumo Paulistao Ltda., Henriques e Casarin Ltda, Rap Real de Guarani MG
  • Netherlands Molens de Kralingse
  • India N.C Arya Snuff & Cigar Company, Arora Products, Bishamber Das Charan Jeet Lal, Dholakia Tobacco, Jayaram Rathnakumar, Khetu Ram Bishamber Das, Kishore Tobacco Company, Lachhman Dass Amar Nath, M/S. Ranchhoddas Zinabhai Dholakia, Perumal Snuff Company, Pitamberdas Anandji Mehta, Rahmania Snuff Co., Sun Snuffs, UMA Makeshwari Madras Snuff Co., V.V. Vartak Company, Dhanavilas Madras Snuff Co.
  • Iceland ATVR
  • Israel Oneg
  • Germany Bernard Schnupftabak (since 1733) Germany’s first and oldest Tobacco Snuff manufacturer, Sternecker (since 1900), P schl Tabak (since 1902), J.H. von Eicken
  • Poland Cygara i Tyto , Paul Gotard, Synchro
  • Portugal Fabrica de Tabaco Estrela
  • South Africa M.L.P., Leonard Dingler, Van Erkoms Tabakke
  • Sweden Atherthons, Swedish Match
  • United Kingdom Wilsons of Sharrow, Samuel Gawith, McChrystals, Gawith, Hoggarth & Co. and Toque are the only remaining independent UK millers still producing their own brands. These companies make a wide range of own name snuffs, including some based on old recipes such as Wilson’s ‘Fribourg and Treyer’ line that were acquired when the original manufacturers ceased trading. Some old family firms, such as Hedges and J and H Wilson, are now owned by multinational tobacco companies, and are simply retained brand names. Brands such as Jaxons, Mullins and Westbury and various others are made for commissioning retailers by one of the remaining millers and are known as contract brands. There are two small scale producers of hand made, luxury snuffs Sir Walter Scott and Abraxas.
  • United States American Snuff Company (formerly Conwood, since 1782), Swisher, US Smokeless Tobacco

See also edit

  • Anatomical snuff box
  • Jack and His Golden Snuff Box, a fairy tale
  • Snuff box
  • Artisans
    • Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden
    • The Blarenberghe brothers
    • Rosalba Carriera
    • Daniel Macnee
    • Juste Aur le Meissonnier
    • George Michael Moser, 18th century snuff box maker
    • Airtight «Laurencekirk hinge»
  • Creamy snuff

References edit

Stopping fires caused by unattended cigarettes in the eu — european public health alliance

Following on from a Commission decision, from 17 November 2011, all cigarettes will have to integrate «‘Reduced Ignition Propensity» (RIP), a system that extinguish a cigarette left unattended by itself . By introducing this measure, the EU intends to curb the fires that are caused by a lack of attention, as it has been observed in countries (Canada, Austrlia etc.) that already implemented such technique.

Further information about the RIP system are available in the Commission Press Release

For further information

European Commission webpage on tobacco

World Health Organization webpage on tobacco

EPHA related articles

No surprise that EU Health officials are not listening to tobacco retailers and industry say EPHA and members

Revision of the Tobacco Products Directive false claims made by the tobacco industry

WHO publishes its 2011 Report on tobacco