Tobacco packaging warning messages — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cigarettes edit

  • Caution Cigarette Smoking May be Hazardous to Your Health (1966 1970)
  • Warning The Surgeon General Has Determined that Cigarette Smoking is Dangerous to Your Health (1970 1985)
  • SURGEON GENERAL’S WARNING Smoking Causes Lung Cancer, Heart Disease, Emphysema, And May Complicate Pregnancy. (1985 )
  • SURGEON GENERAL’S WARNING Quitting Smoking Now Greatly Reduces Serious Risks to Your Health. (1985 )
  • SURGEON GENERAL’S WARNING Smoking By Pregnant Women May Result in Fetal Injury, Premature Birth, And Low Birth Weight. (1985 )
  • SURGEON GENERAL’S WARNING Cigarette Smoke Contains Carbon Monoxide. (1985 )

Though the United States started the trend of labeling cigarette packages with health warnings, today the country has one of the smallest, least prominent warnings placed on their packages. 29 Warnings are usually in small typeface placed along one of the sides of the cigarette packs with colors and fonts that closely resemble the rest of the package, so the warnings essentially are integrated and do not stand out with the rest of the cigarette package. 29

However, this is subject to change as the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 requires color graphics with supplemental text that depicts the negative consequences of smoking to cover 50 percent of the front and rear of each pack. The nine new graphic warning labels were announced by the FDA in June 2011 and were required to appear on packaging by September 2012, though this was delayed by legal challenges. 30

In August 2011, five tobacco companies filed a lawsuit against the FDA in an effort to reverse the new warning mandate. Tobacco companies claimed that being required to promote government anti smoking campaigns by placing the new warnings on packaging violates the companies’ free speech rights. 31 Additionally, R.J. Reynolds, Lorillard, Commonwealth Brands Inc., Liggett Group LLC and Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company Inc. claimed that the graphic labels are an unconstitutional way of forcing tobacco companies to engage in anti smoking advocacy on the government’s behalf. 32 A First Amendment lawyer, Floyd Abrams, represented the tobacco companies in the case, contending that requiring graphic warning labels on a lawful product cannot withstand constitutional scrutiny. 33 The Association of National Advertisers and the American Advertising Federation also filed a brief in the suit, arguing that the labels infringe on commercial free speech and could lead to further government intrusion if left unchallenged. 34

On 29 February 2012, U.S. District Judge Richard Leon ruled that the labels violate the right to free speech in the First Amendment. 35 However, the following month the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit upheld the majority of the Tobacco Control Act of 2009, including the part requiring graphic warning labels. In April 2013 the Supreme Court declined to hear the appeal to this ruling, allowing the new labels to stand. As the original ruling against the FDA images was not actually reversed, the FDA will again need to go through the process of developing the new warning labels, and the timetable and final product remain unknown. 36 37 38 39

Cigars edit

  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING Cigar Smoking Can Cause Cancers Of The Mouth And Throat, Even If You Do Not Inhale.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING Cigars Are Not A Safe Alternative To Cigarettes.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING Tobacco Smoke Increases The Risk Of Lung Cancer And Heart Disease, Even In Nonsmokers.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING Cigar Smoking Can Cause Lung Cancer And Heart Disease.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING Tobacco Use Increases The Risk Of Infertility, Stillbirth, And Low Birth Weight.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING This Product Contains/Produces Chemicals Known To The State Of California To Cause Cancer, And Birth Defects Or Other Reproductive Harm.

Stronger warning labels started to appear in May 2010

Smokeless tobacco edit

Effective June 2010, the following labels began to appear on smokeless tobacco products and their advertisements.

  • WARNING This product can cause mouth cancer.
  • WARNING This product can cause gum disease and tooth loss.
  • WARNING This product is not a safe alternative to cigarettes.
  • WARNING Smokeless tobacco is addictive.

The new warnings are required to comprise 30 percent of two principal display panels on the packaging on advertisements, the health warnings must constitute 20 percent of the total area. 40

Venezuela edit

For many years in Venezuela, the only warning in cigarette packs was printed in a very small typeface along one of the sides

«Se ha determinado que el fumar cigarrillos es nocivo para la salud, Ley de impuesto sobre cigarrillos» (It has been determined that cigarette smoking is harmful to your health, Cigarette Tax Law) Since 14 September 1978

On 24 March 2005, another warning was introduced in every cigarette pack «Este producto contiene alquitr n, nicotina y mon xido de carbono, los cuales son cancer genos y t xicos. No existen niveles seguros para el consumo de estas sustancias» (This product contains tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide, which are carcinogenic and toxic. There are no safe levels for consumption of these substances».

1978’s warning, was not removed, now every cigarette pack contains both warnings (one on each lateral).

In addition, since 24 March 2005, one of the following warnings is randomly printed very prominently, along with a graphical image, occupying the 100% of the back of the pack (40% for the text warning and 60% for the image)

  • Este producto es da ino para la salud y produce adicci n (This product is hazardous to your health and is addictive) View image dead link
  • Fumar causa mal aliento, p rdida de muelas y c ncer de boca (Smoking causes bad breath, tooth decay and mouth cancer) view image dead link
  • Fumar causa c ncer de pulm n, tos, enfisema pulmonar y bronquitis cr nica (Smoking causes lung cancer, coughing, pulmonar emphysema and chronic bronchitis), the picture is a comparison between a smoker s lung (left) and a healthy lung (right) view image dead link
  • Fumar causa infarto al coraz n, Q.E.P.D. al portador, muerto por fumador (Smoking causes cardiac infarction, R.I.P. bearer, Killed by smoking) view image dead link
  • Fumar durante el embarazo da a la salud de tu beb (Smoking while pregnant harms your baby) view image dead link
  • Los ni os y ni as comienzan a fumar al ver adultos fumando (Children start smoking when they see adults smoke) view image dead link
  • Fumar cigarrillos causa c ncer de laringe (Smoking cigarettes causes larynx cancer) view image dead link
  • Fumar causa impotencia en los hombres (Smoking causes impotence in men) view image dead link
  • El humo del cigarrillo afecta tambi n a quien no fuma (Cigarette smoke also harms those who don’t smoke) view image dead link
  • Da hoy el primer paso, dejar de fumar es posible (take today your first step, quitting is possible) view image dead link

Also, in Venezuela, tobacco advertising is strictly forbidden, so much so that the words tobacco, cigarette, cigar, etc. are not permitted in media such as radio and television and no one can smoke on television.

In the campaign called «Venezuela 100% libre de humo» (Venezuela, 100% Smoke free), curiously, these warnings only appear on cigarette packs and not on other tobacco products (which only conserve the 1978’s warning).

References edit

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