Twenty cigarettes

James Benning U.S. 2011 99m
color sound HD

Filmmaker in person!

Twenty Cigarettes is a game with its own rules and a game with film history In Benning s Screentests we watch 20 individuals, each of them smoking a cigarette. Some of them are familiar, like Sharon Lockhart. Others we ve never seen before. But they all give us time to read their body language. We embark on a journey across foreign facial landscapes, through long inhalations into the inside of their bodies, and into the invisible world of their thoughts as we imagine them to be. James Benning is well known as the structuralist and documentarist who introduced the dimension of cinematic time into the landscape. One take lasts exactly three minutes, or the time it takes for a train to pass through a Californian landscape. This time round it s people who determine the length of the takes by smoking a cigarette. They stand among walls and shelves and only their movements, which they try to control, and the movement of the smoke, which they can t control, stipulate the coordinates of the filmic space. Benning makes a screenplay out of this and surprises us by once again creating something entirely new out of little more than smoke. Stefanie Schulte Strathaus

Venue New York Film Festival

Pall mall (cigarette) — wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Pall Mall brand was introduced in 1899 by the Butler & Butler Company (UK) in an attempt to cater to the upper class with the first «premium» cigarette. It is named after Pall Mall, a well known street in London.

In 1907, Pall Mall was acquired by American Tobacco with the sale of Butler & Butler. The new owners used the premium brand to test innovations in cigarette design, such as the «king size» (now the standard size for cigarettes at 85mm), and a new way of stuffing tobacco that supposedly made cigarettes easier on the throat.

Pall Mall reached the height of its popularity in 1960 when it was the number one brand of cigarette in America. 2 The gambles in design had paid off and so the company introduced «longs», or 100mm cigarettes (again creating a standard, this time for long cigarettes). It would later be edged out in 1966 by Winston cigarettes, when Pall Mall found that it could no longer compete with the advertising campaign «Winston tastes good like a cigarette should.» Ironically, in the 1940s, Pall Mall had its own grammatically incorrect slogan which touted it as the cigarette which «travels the smoke further», referencing the longer 85mm length. Their famous slogan during the ’50s and early ’60s was «OUTSTANDING…and they are MILD!».

In 1994, Pall Mall and Lucky Strike were purchased by Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation as the former American Tobacco company shed its tobacco brands. 3 Brown & Williamson merged with R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company on July 30, 2004, with the surviving company taking the name, R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company. R. J. Reynolds continues to make unfiltered and filtered styles of Pall Mall for the U.S. market, emphasizing the latter. British American Tobacco makes and sells Pall Mall outside the U.S.

Pall Mall currently is in the «Growth Brand» segment of the R.J. Reynolds brand portfolio. 4 Within British American Tobacco, Pall Mall is one of their four drive brands. 5 During the late 2000s recession, Pall Mall was marketed as a «premium product at a sub premium price», which pushed the product from a 1.95 percent market share with a 1.6 billion quarterly volume in 2006 to 7.95 percent and 5.5 billion in third quarter 2010. This compares with former top seller Camel, which has not performed as well over the period, with 8 percent share and 5.6 billion. 6

Pall Mall is now Reynolds’ most popular cigarette, and third behind Marlboro and Newport. In October 2012, Reynolds debuted two new versions of its menthol cigarette, Pall Mall Black, described as «full flavor», and Pall Mall White, called «smoother». The traditional menthol style is called Pall Mall Green. 7

Pall Mall is currently sold as a Canadian discount brand in Red (full flavour) and Blue (light). Rothman’s produces American style Pall Mall cigarettes which are priced as a premium brand.

Logo edit

The famous Pall Mall logo has large art nouveau lettering spelling out «Pall Mall» on the top front of the pack. On the face is a white coat of arms on the front and back of the pack. Showing two regal lions pawing the sides and a knight’s helmet on top, the inside of the shield reads «Per aspera ad Astra» or «Through the thorns to the stars» (which resembles the motto of the RAF, «Per ardua ad astra«, or «Through adversity to the stars»). There is a banner underneath the shield that holds another Latin phrase, «In hoc signo vinces» or «By this sign shall you conquer». The famous Pall Mall slogan, «Wherever Particular People Congregate», appears beneath the coat of arms.

Generally speaking, there are different designs for Pall Mall packs. It can be always identified on which market one or another pack of Pall Mall was bought. Nevertheless, the logo and the main features of it remain unchanging.

In 2007, R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company changed the packaging color of Pall Mall Ultra Lights from light blue to orange to stop confusion between the Ultra Lights and the Lights. Both had been in blue colored packaging.

In 2009, R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company changed the flavor descriptors of all the Pall Mall brand hard packs to color designations. The descriptor change occurred because the FDA banned product descriptors such as «Light,» «Ultra Light» and «Mild» in 2010. Along with the change in descriptors, the rings and branding on the cigarettes have changed to match both the color of the box and the Pall Mall lettering on the filter for that particular descriptor. The soft packs are still sold with the traditional style packaging and design.

Current hard pack styles (USA) edit

  • Pall Mall Red
  • Pall Mall Blue
  • Pall Mall Orange
  • Pall Mall Menthol (Green)
  • Pall Mall Black Menthol
  • Pall Mall White Menthol
  • Pall Mall Deep Set Recessed Filter
  • Pall Mall Deep Set Recessed Filter Menthol
  • Pall Mall Red old style

Current soft pack styles (USA) edit

  • Pall Mall Non Filter
  • Pall Mall Gold 100’s

Pronunciation edit

During the era of cigarette advertising on television and radio, the commonly accepted pronunciation of the brand was pel mel. 8 However, after the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act banned cigarette advertising, the pronunciation shifted to the phonetic form of pal mal. Older smokers who heard the commercials often still use the older pronunciation.

Cultural references edit

Kurt Vonnegut, who was a Pall Mall smoker himself, used the brand in several of his novels. He was quoted as saying that they were «a classy way to commit suicide.» 9

The brand was the sponsor of M Squad, a television program which ran on NBC during the late 1950s. Lee Marvin, the show’s star, appeared on its commercials during the episodes. 10

Most of Stephen King’s smoker characters also smoke Pall Mall cigarettes.

In KRS One’s song The Heat, the rapper proclaims «cornballs wanna get smoked like Pall Malls».

In Goodfellas, the cigarettes that are hijacked and sold on the street are Pall Malls.

Cigarette camp edit

Camp Pall Mall was one of the American Army camps established near Le Havre, France in World War II. As explained in «Introducton The Cigarette Camps» at the website, The Cigarette Camps The U.S. Army Camps in the Le Havre Area 11 12

The staging area camps were named after various brands of American cigarettes the assembly area camps were named after American cities. The names of cigarettes and cities were chosen for two reasons First, and primarily, for security. Referring to the camps without an indication of their geographical location went a long way to ensuring that the enemy would not know precisely where they were. Anybody eavesdropping or listening to radio traffic would think that cigarettes were being discussed or the camp was stateside, especially regarding the city camps. Secondly, there was a subtle psychological reason, the premise being that troops heading into battle wouldn’t mind staying at a place where cigarettes must be plentiful and troops about to depart for combat would be somehow comforted in places with familiar names of cities back home (Camp Atlanta, Camp Baltimore, Camp New York, and Camp Pittsburgh, among others)… By war’s end, however, all of the cigarette and city camps were devoted to departees. Many processed liberated American POWs (Prisoners of War) and some even held German POWs for a while.

See also edit

  • Tobacco smoking

References edit