War within the EU European Commission acting against European Parliament s will on e cigarettes
By Dr Farsalinos
It seems that besides a public health disaster, the issue of e cigarette proposals by the European Commission is also a political scandal. It is just 48 days ago that the European Parliament voted for amendment170 concerning e cigarettes regulation. This was supposed to be the basis of any further negotiation, with the goal to make improvement and transform this amendment into regulation. Instead, the European Commission has completely bypassed the will and vote of the Parliament and has introduced a completely new proposal. Here are the main differences between the two proposals
European Parliament maximum nicotine concentration of 30mg/ml
European Commission maximum nicotine concentration of 20mg/ml
European Parliament flavorings allowed
European Commission flavorings banned (except from those present in NRTs)
European Parliament no restriction on refill liquids
European Commission refill liquids banned
European Parliament no restriction on devices
European Commission refillable atomizers banned, only single use cartos allowed
European Parliament no restriction on cross border sales
European Commission cross border sales prohibited
European Parliament request to report list of ingredients and emissions
European Commission e cigarettes should be free from contaminants
European Parliament advertisements prohibited
European Commission advertisements prohibited
It is obvious that the Commission s proposal contradicts almost every aspect of the amendment voted by the Parliament. This should be considered a scandal, shows disrespect towards the will of the MEPs and is an effort to bypass all procedures and implement a strange agenda of illegalizing e cigarettes. For example, they ask that e cigarettes should be free from contaminants while they know that this cannot happen and they know that even pharmaceutical NRTs have nitrosamines (at levels similar to e cigarettes). In any case, they have completely ignored science showing that nicotine is needed for e cigarettes to be effective, users self titrate their nicotine intake and any instructions on dosage are useless, and flavors are an important part in consumers efforts to reduce or quit smoking.
The European Commission is deciding on regulation contrary to Parliament proposals, contrary to scientific findings and contrary to public health interest
Bbc democracy live – meps reject tough regulation of e-cigarettes
MEPs have backed new proposals on regulating the sale and marketing of tobacco products but have remained deeply divided on the details.
On 8 October 2013, MEPs debated revisions to the Tobacco Products Directive, designed to bring in larger health warnings on cigarette packages.
The Commission has proposed that 75% of the front and rear of packages be covered with a warning about the dangers of smoking.
However the centre right EPP group tabled an amendment to reduce this to 50% in the end the parliament backed a compromise agreement of 65%.
MEPs rejected a ban on “slim” cigarettes, but voted to ban menthol flavourings, after a transitional period of 8 years.
Opening the debate, the parliament’s negotiator on the directive, British Labour MEP Linda McAvan said the World Health Organisation was reporting a “worrying” increase in the number of young smokers, and she attacked tobacco producers for making some packets look “gimmicky”.
Speaking on behalf of the Council of Ministers, Lithuania’s Health Minister Vytenis Andriukaitis said he “still could not forget the pain and suffering” of both of his brothers dying from smoking related illnesses.
He said that around 700,000 people died every year from smoking, costing the EU more than 500bn every year.
Adopting the revisions to the directive was, he said, a “collective responsibility” of the European Parliament.
The debate on the directive was postponed from last month, in a move that some MEPs say showed that the parliament was bowing to pressure from the tobacco lobby.
Italian socialist MEP Mario Pirillo accused the tobacco industry of engaging in “the most insidious and deceitful lobbying campaign”.
However Polish conservative MEP Janusz Wojciechowski urged fellow MEPs “not to assume that those of us opposed to elements of this directive are doing the bidding of lobbyists.”
He said there was no evidence that banning slim or menthol cigarettes would deter people from smoking, whilst his Polish colleague Marek Migalski warned of the impact on the directive on the economic livelihood of Europe’s tobacco farmers.
A key element of the directive was new laws on controlling electronic cigarettes (e cigarettes), which are not currently subject to any EU wide regulation.
The Commission supported by centre left and left wing groups of the parliament wanted to treat e cigarettes as medicinal products, meaning they could only be sold by registered pharmacists.
However MEPs backed an amendment from the liberal, centre right and conservative groups that said they should be subject to the same regulation as “normal” cigarettes, meaning they would be more widely available, but unable to be sold people under 18.
British Liberal Democrat MEP Chris Davies claimed e cigarettes were a “game changer” in helping people quit tobacco cigarettes.
But German socialist MEP Dagmar Roth Behrendt warned that their ease of availability could lure young people to taking up smoking.
A lengthy and complex series of votes took place at the daily voting session later in the day.
MEPs voted to postpone their final vote on the directive, to give the rapporteur more time to negotiate with national governments to reach a common position.
The European Parliament’s disclaimer on the use of simultaneous interpretations can be found here.
Read Democracy Live’s guide to how the plenary sessions work here.